Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Choosing Duke Admissions Essay Topics That Meet RequirementsIf you are in the process of writing your Duke admissions essay, you will need to consider the appropriate topic for each section. Some topics will have several subsections that relate to certain aspects of your interests and lifestyle. In these cases, it may be beneficial to include a subtopic that relates to that element.These topics will include things like personal information, social activities, interest areas, and so on. These all play an important role in how the admissions committee evaluates your qualifications and record of performance. As a rule, however, you should not include too many topics that relate to these areas, as this can affect the overall appeal of your essay.Once you have selected a topic that you feel has several subsections to it, you should take the time to look over the two or three sections that pertain to the topic you selected. This will give you a better idea of what to include. Make sure tha t the specific topic you choose is well-defined and distinct from the rest of the essay. This will help you avoid having to re-write sections you did not intend to include.Be aware that some essays include a few more questions than others. The ones that come with some or other subtopic may need more than just one question answered. The good news is that there are many opportunities to include other aspects of your life when it comes to addressing certain aspects of your essay.You may be asked to discuss a particular interest, that you are hoping to explore further, or that you are currently pursuing. For example, if you are an aspiring pianist, it may be helpful to include a section where you discuss how you became interested in music, whether or not you are taking lessons, and what your future plans are. You may also wish to include a section discussing your desire to learn more about the fine arts, because as you likely know, in some ofyour majors, it is often more difficult to di scover interest in additional subjects.You will find that each section of your Duke essay will include a few dozen different topics, which you will need to consider. The first part of your essay must address the main reason you want to attend Duke. The second half will use that information to construct a timeline or narrative to support your candidacy. While the first part is the most important part, it is not the only part of your document.The most important part of your essay will always be the final part, so make sure you work on it before submitting your entire essay. By following the guidelines, you will be sure to cover everything you need to in your first part of the Duke admissions essay.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
What is the importance of studying sociology? Of the various social sciences, sociology seems to be the youngest. It is gradually developing. Still it has remarkable progress. Its uses are recognized widely today. In modern times, there is a growing realization of the importance of the scientific study of social phenomena and the means of promoting what Prof. Giddings calls human adequacy (human welfare). The study of sociology has a great value especially in modern complex society. Some of the uses of sociology are as follows. 1. Sociology studies society in a scientific way. Before the emergence of sociology, there was no systematic and scientific attempt to study human society with all its complexities. Sociology has made itÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦But sociology has now become practical enough to be practiced outside of academic halls, areas of application of sociology in schools and colleges. Careers apart from teaching are now possible in sociology, which are coming more international levels. 8. The need for the study of sociology is greater especially in underdeveloped countries. Sociologists have now drawn the attention of economists regarding the social factors that have contributed to the economic backwardness of a few countries. Economists have now realized the importance of sociological knowledge in analyzing the economic affairs of country. 9. The study of society is of paramount importance in solving social problems. The present world is best with several social problems of great magnitude like poverty, beggary, unemployment, prostitution, over population, family disorganization, community disorganization, racial problems, crime, juvenile delinquency, gambling alcoholism, youth unrest, untouchability etc. A careful analysis of these problems is necessary in order to solve them. Sociology provides such an analysis. 10. Sociological knowledge is necessary for understanding and planning of society. Social planning has been made easier by sociology. Sociology is often considered a vehicle of social reform and social reorganization. It plays an important role in the reconstruction of society. 11. Study of society has helped several governments to promote the welfare of the tribalShow MoreRelatedSociology Is The Scientific Study Of Society And Human Behavior895 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto the Marriam Webster dictionary, the simple definition of sociology is Ã¢â¬Å"the study of society, social institution, and social relationships. Based on the textbook, Ã¢â¬Å"sociology is the scientific study of society and human behaviorÃ¢â¬ (G-6). Through the two definitions, one can deduce that the study of Sociology is a discipline that explains and analysis the human culture in terms of their social relationships and social institutions. Sociology is a study that explains the social world which human beingsRead MoreDifference Between Max Weber And Emile Durkheim1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTwo of the fathers of sociology, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, each worked to establish sociology as a distinct subject of study. However, their understandings of the underpinnings of sociology, and therefore the methods best used to study it, were very different. Together, they give the modern sociologist competing, yet complimentary, tools with which to understand social phenomena. When writing his book, Suicide: A Study in Sociology, Emile Durkheim wanted to show that empirical data could be usedRead MoreThe Social Setting Within Jelly s1438 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfinally be able to spend time at a nice restaurant with old friends instead of down at that old liquor store. LM: From what you wrote about in your book it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem like a good place to eat. I hope the food and service here is better. How did you like your time there? EA: I enjoyed spending that time in JellyÃ¢â¬â¢s. The people were very interesting, and I got a lot out of studying them. By the end of my work I really felt like I was a part of that community, instead of an outsider trying to fit inRead MoreThe Social Action Theory and Symbolic Interactionism Essay918 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesattention to the importance of the individual and their conscious actions. It does not however place enough emphasis on class divisions, as it tends to concentrate more on status. Symbolic interactionists reject structure and believe that to study society, the only way to do so is to concentrate on the individual. Both theories believe in understanding the individual through the use of empathy. George Herbert Mead was mainly concerned with the importance of languageRead MoreMoral Value Of Science By Max Weber Essay1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesare seen as two comparative analysts in regards to the issue of sociology history. During their work, they were faced with a lot of issues that come up during comparative analysis which the sought ways to overcome them and some of the techniques they used are still considered intrusive till today. They both came up with major statements in the course of their carriers which were both methodological and theoretical concerning the sociology program being the values of science, and for Weber he achievedRead MoreSummary of Durkheims Sociological Theory958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmile Durkheim is one of the major leaders in the delineation of sociology. Durkheim set out on a mission to define how sociology should be considered and how the method of sociology should be used. Although DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s writing does touch upon certain moral, political organization, and intellectual issues, overall, Durkh eim sets out to provide a theoretical construction for the study of sociology. Durkheim desires to understand societal life through various social constructs. His agenda entailsRead MoreSociology : Sociological And Scientific Study Of Human Behavior And Social Interaction1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestheories and ideas that have influenced the development of sociology, it is possible to misunderstand what sociology truly means. As humanity enters into the 21st century, the study of society has become more relevant than ever. In this day and age where everybody is part of a society, it is crucial to understand the social dynamics invisible to the naked eye. Sociology provides critical insight into what problems our world currently faces and what we can do to prevent further problems. Daily life canRead MoreThe Basic Tools Of Sociology And Sociology1034 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesArgument: In this piece, Weber outlines the basic tools of sociology and distinguishes sociology as a social science. WeberÃ¢â¬â¢s main message in this piece is that that social sciences should be equivalent to natural sciences, and in order to do so, laws should be made within the field. Secondly, he wanted to bring history and sociology together with causal relationships, in doing so he would also analyze the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s social action. He mentions that action is only social when it is oriented to theRead MorePolitics Is A Sphere Of Human Activity1098 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen people hear the word Ã¢â¬Å"politicsÃ¢â¬ , one would think of governments, elections, or or manipulation. Unfortunately, this isnÃ¢â¬â¢t what politics really is. There isn t a definite answer to what politics is. Ã¢â¬Å"Politics was a sphere of human activity peculiarly dependent upon truth.Ã¢â¬ (Elshtain.J, 1997: p.36). Politics is an activity or a discipline that is out there in public. Politics is a living subject that tends to give one peace and collaboration. Politics, to some, might mean that governments makeRead MorePublic Sociology And Its Normative Commitment1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages4.1. Public sociology and its normative commitment Concerning BurawoyÃ¢â¬â¢s appeal for sociologists to be involved in social change and improvement, Hanemaayer Schneider (2014) asked how and under what circumstances should or should not sociologists advocate for social change? And how do we know what is best for humanity? Noteworthy of DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s concerns of public sociology is the caution of the discipline being value-ladden in terms of its normative commitments on social issues (Hanemaayer, 2014)
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition that affects the memory function, which is a huge public health concern among the elderly population. It has affected more than five million individuals in the United States and that number is expected to quadruple by the 2050 if interventions are not found. AD has a huge affect on the world not only by the number of deaths that it is causing but also the amount of health care costs reaching around 100 billion dollars. Because of the increase of AD throughout the globe, the aging population should consider the intake of certain vitamins and nutrients in their daily lives to possibly reduce or prevent the onset of AD. Nutritional factors and nutritional deficiencies have a very strong correlation with cognitive decline as illustrated throughout the study done by Angelo Parigi, Francesco Panza, Cristiano Capurso, and Vincenzo Solfrizzi. Ones dietary habits and nutritional deficiencies have a huge determining factor on co gnitive impairment on an individual with AD. B vitamins have a relationship with cognitive dysfunction in many observational studies as well as clinical and epidemiological studies. Another type of vitamin that was found to correspond with cognitive impairment is folate (B9) and cobalamine (B12), the studies that were done on these two types of vitamins did find the determinants with cognitive impairment in AD. The elderly populations is among the highest at risk for nutritional deficiencies, withShow MoreRelatedThe Pathology Of Alzheimer s Disease1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA neurodegenerative disease is when the central nervous system progressively deteriorates thus causing nervous system dysfunction. Neurodegenerative conditions are characterised by the change in the neurone function within the brain cells. Alzheimers disease(AD) can be classified as a neurodegenerative disorder, (Griffin W.S.T 2006). The pathology of alzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease has been described as a person havi ng neural plaques within the brain, they are made up of high levels of protein Ã ²-amyloid, andRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Slow Progressing Neurodegenerative Disease Essay1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD) is a slow-progressing neurodegenerative disease that has no cure and most often affects people over the age of sixty-five. Neurodegeneration is characterized by the loss of function in the central nervous system due to degeneration of neurons found mostly in the brain. The most recent data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention shows that AD is the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States. The cause of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is still not completely understood, butRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease And Its Effects On Society1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, also known as AD is often insidious on set, it can take months up to years to go from a mild to severe impairment. (Mayeux, 2010) The disease is irreversible and has no cure. Ã¢â¬Å"The disease affects 500,000 Canadians, 71,000 of those are under the age of 65Ã¢â¬ (VanDenBroek, 2013). AD affects the person by impacting their neurological function, their cognition and their behaviour. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, it affects two pathological hallmarks: amyloidRead MoreA Brief History Of Alzheimer s Disease1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction 1.1 A brief overview of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s diseases The life expectancy is now doubled from the last century in the developed countries due to the revolution progress in medicine and health mainly to chronic diseases. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD) is one of the most well-known and familiar diseases in the modern societies AD was first reported by Alois Alzheimer in 1907.The AD is the most common type of dementia and a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the damage of nerve cells in theRead MoreA Research Into Decision Making For Alzheimer s Disease Essay1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand consists of different functions, memory, reasoning, logic; these are all controlled by different areas of the brain. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease inhibits short term memory first, before it continually moves throughout the brain, eventually affecting part of the brain that controls involuntary functions. With this in mind someone with MCI would not be able to make clear judgments and recall memory stored in long term memory. The deterioration of short term and working memory will inhibit a personÃ¢â¬â¢s abilityRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease Is The Most Common Type Of Dementia1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease a. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is the most common type of dementia b. Dementia is a term used to describe the disorders that affect the brain such as in memory loss. c. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is a neurodegenerative brain disorder causing progressive memory loss and destroys thinking skills. d. First discovered by Alois Alzheimer (a German physician) who first discovered the disease in 1906. (AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s and Dementia) e. First discovered, while Alois was preforming an autopsy on a woman whoRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Progressive Neurodegenerative Disease2372 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesin cognition such as some loss of hearing, vision, and working memory that are considered part of the normal aging process. When these symptoms start to worsen and vastly impair everyday tasks, the consideration of a form of dementia is brought forward. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease (AD) is a brain disease, is the most common type of dementia, and affects majority of people 60 years or older (1,14). It is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, which only continues to worsen over time. Each individual is affectedRead MoreOutline Of Alzheimer s Alzheimer S2283 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesI. Introduction: AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s A. Why I chose AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s: Kevin Arnold once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Memory is a way of holding on to the things you love, the things you are, and the things you never want to lose.Ã¢â¬ Memories are the things hold on to in life. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s bad or good, memories are engraved in us and as we carry them through our everyday lives they become a part of us. But what if as times goes by, those memories start to disappear? Imagine that the things you held onto for years could no longer beRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Alzheimer s Disease1930 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIntroduction The neurodegenerative disorder AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease (AD) is currently the most common cause of dementia and affects millions of people around the world.Ã ¹ There are multiple risk factors associated with AD, including genetic factors, hypertension, diet and most significantly, age. Individuals over the age of 65 are most vulnerable to the disease and at this point, the risk increases every 5 years.Ã ¹ AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease was first described over 100 years ago by Alois Alzheimer in Germany, characterisingRead MoreNeuro Protective Effect And Attenuation Of Dementia1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNeuro-protective effect and attenuation of dementia by diltiazem in ICV-STZ induced sporadic Alzheimer s disease rat model. Ramesh Alluri* Sivamallikarjuna Reddy A Supriya Reddy G Cognitive Science Research Initiative Lab, Dept. of Pharmacology, Vishnu Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Narsapur, Medak Dist., Telangana, 502313. Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract: Sporadic AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is an age-related neurological and psychiatric disorder characterized by impaired
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Finance for How tax can reduce inequality ? Answer: The table represents the variation of dwellings from the year 1801 to 2013. Fewer dwellings were recorded in the extreme past years, and this has changed over the years. The number has grown gradually from 1,937 in 1801 to 27,151 in 2013. Between the period of 1801 to 1951, the dwelling places were solid (they were not divided into tenure types). The first divisions were recorded in 1951. The tenure types in which the dwellings were divided were two; they could either be occupied by owners or they can be rented. Renting is further divided into three divisions based on the party the dwelling was rented from. These are; private renting, from housing associations and local authorities. However, renting from housing associations started in 1981. There is a rising trend in the change of all dwellings. The trend for dwellings occupied by owners had been rising from 1951 to 2011, but there was a fall in number across the year 2013. The trend for private renting fell from 1951 to 1991, but it has been rising since 2001. There is a rising trend for dwelling rented from housing associations, with the highest increase recorded between 2001 and 2011. This is a 64.65% increase from 2001. There was a rising trend for dwelling rented from local authorities until 1981 when the trend started falling. From 1991, there is a rising trend in owners occupied, private renting, and renting from housing associations, and a falling trend in renting from local authorities. The recorded number of all dwellings in 1961 was an increase of 17.97% from 1951. This is the highest increase of all the periods. The information provided is covering more than two centuries. The change in the total number of all dwellings is greater in the second century (19th century) than in the first (18th century). The highest increase in owners occupied dwellings was between 1981 and 1991. The increase was by 26.97%. The highest increase in private renting was by 91.60% in the period between 2001 and 2011. From 1951, the tenure types remained to be three until 1981 when the 1st record of the 4th type was made. Assignment B Governments decision making is highly influenced by the stimulation of economic growth. During periods of low economic growth, expansionary fiscal policies are implemented by the government. This includes increments in government spending and cutting of taxes. This increases the amount of income available to households. However, since the economy operates in cycles such that at times it can be in an inflationary situation, contractionary fiscal policies are also used. This includes cutting of government spending and raising of taxes. In order to induce some income distribution in an economy, the government sets different taxation rates for individuals with different income groups. Those with a high income are required to pay more in taxes than the low-income class. Their tax rate is way high. There are three classes of tax rates; the high rate for the rich, the lower rate for the middle-income groups and the lowest rate for the low-income group (Congressional Budget Office, 2014). According to Election2015.ifs.org.uk (2015), the working age households with low income and the richest people have lost much through taxation. The rich contributes over three times in tax than what they receive from public spending. Public spending offers the 20 % poorest much benefits of over five times of their contribution in taxes (HM Treasury, 2014). This is referred to progressive taxation which is a tool for income redistribution by the government (Carter and Matthews, n.d.). When making decisions concerning the tax rates to impose to the different groups, the government has to take into consideration some important factor. The goal of the government is the elimination of poverty in the nation, charging higher taxes to the low income would cause them to fall into a poverty trap (Newman and O'Brien, 2011). This is one of the factors that have to be considered. When formulating the optimal income taxation, family size consideration if crucial. The government considers the income of every individual worker and their number of children, while ignoring their productivity (Cremer, Pestieau and Dellis, 2001). The marginal tax rate tends to decrease with the number of kids. However, this marginal rate is zero for parents with income ability. Family allowances and income tax breaks benefits many families with children in many countries. Households, in order to receive the tax credit, are required to report changes in their income and family size (Irs.gov, 2014). During periods of low inflation, cutting of taxes benefits the high-income group more. More money flows to them as compared to the low amounts that flow to the poor. Corporations benefits much from reduced taxation as the public has more income to raise their demand for goods and services raising the profits for the corporations (Infoplease.com, n.d.). Self-evaluation I have got to grips with best the part of describing a table. I require no help with any part, so we can progress with the module. Bibliography Carter, A. and Matthews, S. (n.d.). How tax can reduce inequality - OECD Observer. [Online] Oecdobserver.org. Available at: https://www.oecdobserver.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/3782/How_tax_can_reduce_inequality.html [Accessed 26 Feb. 2016]. Cremer, H., Pestieau, P. and Dellis, A. (2001). Family Size and Optimal Income Taxation. [Online] Available at: https://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/ebook/serien/e/CORE/dp2001-21.pdf [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]. Congressional Budget Office, (2014). The Distribution of Household Income and Federal Taxes, 2011. [Online] Available at: https://www.cbo.gov/publication/49440 [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]. Election2015.ifs.org.uk, (2015). Distributional Analysis - Election 2015 - IFS. [Online] Available at: https://election2015.ifs.org.uk/distributional-analysis [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]. HM Treasury, (2014). Impact on households: Distributional analysis to accompany Budget 2014. [Online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/293738/budget_2014_distributional_analysis.pdf [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]. Infoplease.com, (n.d.). Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: Government's Unique Situation. [Online] Available at: https://www.infoplease.com/cig/economics/government-unique-situation.html [Accessed 26 Feb. 2016]. Irs.gov, (2014). Changes in Circumstances can affect your Premium Tax Credit. [Online] Available at: https://www.irs.gov/Affordable-Care-Act/Changes-in-Circumstances-can-Affect-your-Premium-Tax-Credit [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]. Newman, K. and O'Brien, R. (2011). Taxing the Poor. Berkeley: University of California Press. OECD, (2012). Income inequality and growth: The role of taxes and transfers. [Online] Available at: https://www.oecd.org/eco/public-finance/49417295.pdf [Accessed 25 Feb. 2016]. OECD (2010), Tax Policy Reform and Economic Growth, Tax Policy Study No 20. Office for National Statistics (2014) Table 102: Dwelling stock by tenure (historical series), Live tables on dwelling stock (including vacants), Office for National Statistics [Online]. Available at https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/live-tables-on-dwelling-stock-including-vacants (Accessed 23 Feb. 2016).
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
rock music Review Paper Essay on rock music I like science fiction, but in this case I was disappointed. Disappointed, despite the unusual style of the author, simple humor, original story and atmosphere, which, at first glance, do not ship. But I love books with deep meaning, describing the characters of the characters, when I analyze their actions and developments. I like books that fill my soul with a sublime and wonderful feeling, I love hungrily dig into its pages, sincerely feel and empathize with the heroes, be happy for them. I love it when a book a chest of the finest treasures in the world that do not describe or put into words. Treasures that grant you a feeling of fullness and unlimited happiness. On the one hand, rock music does not carry any meaning, but on the other, it devastated me. But I long ago learned about Terry Pratchett and wanted to get acquainted with his work. But, once again, strongly, strongly disappointed characters have no face. that thought swirled throughout the reading time. Currently face them-that is, there is the same and the external description. No character, thats what I mean. Not in the sense that they are spineless amoeba floating in the broth and the initial resistance without giving in to any river I did not see the description of the nature and qualities of the individual characters. Roughly speaking, the story is based on He went back and then did something, felt-so. Too bland, even if the book izobiliruet witty phrases and adjectives unbelievable. We will write a custom essay sample on rock music Review specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on rock music Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on rock music Review specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer But nevertheless, I respect Terry Pratchett, the good old grandfather, who is ill with Alzheimers disease. Labor of any person is worthy of respect. P.S .: But Terry Pratchett sometimes slipped really clever ideas and observations about life. Perhaps if this book did not like, like the other.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Biography of Strom Thurmond, Segregationist Politician Strom Thurmond was a segregationistÃ politician who ran for president in 1948 on a platform opposed to civil rights for African Americans. He later served 48 years- an astonishing eight terms- as a U.S. Senator from South Carolina. In the later decades of his career, Thurmond obscured his views on race by claiming that he had only ever been opposed to excessive federal power. Early Life and Career James Strom Thurmond was born December 5, 1902 in Edgefield, South Carolina. His father was an attorney and prosecutor who was also deeply involved in state politics. Thurmond graduated from Clemson University in 1923 and worked in local schools as an athletic coach and teacher. Thurmond became Edgefield Countys director of education in 1929. He wasÃ tutored in law by his father and was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1930, at which point he became a county attorney. At the same time, Thurmond was becoming involved with politics, and in 1932 he was elected as a state senator, a position he held in 1938. After his term as state senator ended, Thurmond was appointed a state circuit judge. He held that position until 1942, when he joined the U.S. Army during World War II. During the war, Thurmond served in a civil affairs unit, which was charged with creating governmental functions in newly liberated territories. The position was not a sedate one: Thurmond landed in Normandy aboard a glider on D-Day, and saw action in which he took Germans soldiers prisoner. Following the war, Thurmond returned to political life in South Carolina. Running a campaignÃ as a war hero, he was elected governor of the state in 1947. Dixiecrat Presidential Campaign In 1948, as President Harry S. Truman moved to integrate the U.S. military and embark on other civil rights initiatives, southern politicians responded with outrage. The Democratic Party in the South had long stood for segregation and Jim Crow rule, and as Democrats gathered for their national convention in Philadelphia, southerners reacted fiercely. One week after the Democrats convened in July 1948, leading southern politicians gathered for a breakaway convention in Birmingham, Alabama. Before a crowd of 6,000, Thurmond was nominated as the groups presidential candidate. The splinter faction of the Democratic Party, which became known in the press as the Dixiecrats, pledged opposition to President Truman. Thurmond spokeÃ at the convention, where he denounced Truman and claimed that Trumans program of civil rights reforms betrayed the South. The efforts of Thurmond and the Dixiecrats posed a serious problem for Truman. He would be facing Thomas E. Dewey, a Republican candidate who had already run for president, and the prospect of losing the electoral votes of southern states (which had long been known as The Solid South) could be disastrous. Thurmond campaigned energetically, doing all he could to cripple Trumans campaign. The strategy of the Dixiecrats was to deny both major candidates a majority of electoral votes, which would throw the presidential election into the House of Representatives. If the election went to the House, both candidates would be forced to campaign for the votes of members of Congress, and southern politicians assumed that they could force candidates to turn against civil rights. On Election DayÃ 1948, what became known as the States Rights Democratic ticket won the electoral votes of four states: Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Thurmonds home state of South Carolina. However, the 39 electoral votes Thurmond received did not prevent Harry Truman from winning the election. The Dixiecrat campaign was historically significant as it marked the first time the Democratic voters in the South began to turn away from the national party over the issue of race. Within 20 years, Thurmond would play a role in the major realignment of the two major parties, as the Democrats became the party associated with civil rights and the Republicans veered towards conservatism. Famous Filibuster After his term as governor ended in 1951, Thurmond returned to private law practice. His political career seemed to have ended with the Dixiecrat campaign, as establishment Democrats resented the danger he had posed to the party in the 1948 election. In 1952, he vocally opposed the candidacy of Democratic nominee Adlai Stevenson. As the issue of civil rights began to build in the early 1950s, Thurmond began speaking out against integration. In 1954 he ran for a U.S. Senate seat in South Carolina. Without support from the party establishment, he ran as a write-in candidate, and against the odds, he won. In the summer of 1956, he received some national attention by once again urging southerners to split off and form a third political party that would stand for states rights, which meant, of course, a policy of segregation. The threat didnt materialize for the election of 1956. In 1957, as Congress debated a civil rights bill, southerners were outraged but most accepted that they did not have the votes to stop the legislation. Thurmond, however, chose to make aÃ stand. He took to the Senate floor on the evening of August 28, 1957 and began speaking. He held the floor for 24 hours and 18 minutes,Ã setting a record for a Senate filibuster. Thurmonds marathon speech broughtÃ him national attentionÃ and made him even more popular with segregationists. But it did not stop the bill from passing. Changing Party Alignments When Barry Goldwater ran for president in as a Republican in 1964, Thurmond broke from the Democrats to support him. And as the Civil Rights Movement transformed America in the mid-1960s, Thurmond was one of the prominent conservatives who migrated from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party. In the election of 1968, the support of Thurmond and other new arrivals to the Republican Party helpedÃ secure the victory of Republican candidate Richard M. Nixon. And in following decades, the South itself transformed from a Democratic stronghold to a Republican bastion. Later Career Following the tumult of the 1960s, Thurmond forged a somewhat more moderate image, leaving behind his reputation as a segregationist firebrand. He became a fairly conventional senator, focusing on pork barrel projects that would help his home state. In 1971, he made news when he became one of the first southern senators to hire a black staff member. The move, his obituary in the New York Times later noted, was a reflection of increased African American voting because of legislation he had once opposed. Thurmond was easily elected to the Senate every six years, only stepping down a few weeks after reaching the ago of 100. He left the Senate in January 2003 and died soon after, on June 26, 2003.Ã Legacy A few months after Thurmonds death, Essie-Mae Washington-Williams came forward and revealed that she was Thurmonds daughter.Ã Washington-Williams mother, Carrie Butler, was an African-American woman who, at age 16, had been employed as a domestic worker at Thurmonds family home. During that time, the 22-year-old Thurmond had fathered a child with Butler. Raised by an aunt, Washington-Williams only learned who her real parents were when she was a teenager. Though Thurmond never publicly acknowledged his daughter, he provided financial support for her education, and Washington-Williams occasionally visited his WashingtonÃ office. The revelation that one of the Souths most ardent segregationists had aÃ biracial daughter created controversy. Civil Rights leader Jesse Jackson commented to the New York Times, He fought for laws that kept his daughter segregated and in an inferior position. He never fought to give her first-class status. ThurmondÃ led the movement of southern Democrats as theyÃ migrated to the Republican Party as an emerging conservative bloc. Ultimately, he left a legacy through his segregationist policies and the transformation of the major U.S. political parties.Ã Strom Thurmond Fact Facts Full Name: James Strom ThurmondOccupation: Segregationist politician and U.S. Senator for 48 years.Born: December 5, 1902 in Edgefield, South Carolina, USADied: June 26, 2003 in Edgefield, South Carolina, USAKnown For: Led the Dixiecrat revolt of 1948 and embodied the realignment of the two majorÃ political parties around the issue of race in America. Sources Walz, Jay. Carolinian Sets Talking Record. New York Times, 30 August 1957, p. 1.Hulse, Carl. Lott Apologizes Again on Words About 48 Race. New York Times, 12 December 2002, p 1.Clymer, Adam. Strom Thurmond, Foe of Integration, Dies at 100. New York Times, 27 June 2003.Janofsky, Michael. Thurmond Kin Acknowledge Black Daughter. New York Times, 16 December 2003.James Strom Thurmond. Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 15, Gale, 2004, pp. 214-215. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Is Airport Security Safe for Travelers - Assignment Example The Transportation Security Authority (TSA) has continued to maintain the safety of these machines but there are plenty of people who question these results. Known as Rapiscan backscatter scanners, these will be removed from service by the end of June 2013. Millimeter wave scanners will remain in service instead to carry on with the required scanning for all airport travelers. The reason for the TSA canceling the contracts was presented more as the issue of body pictures resulting from the scans which many travelers felt were very intrusive rather than the fact that radiation might be harmful. Rapiscan, however, was not able to meet the deadline for designing software that would change the body images into stick-like figures rather than the actual body imagery that caused much of the controversy. As a consequence, the contracts were canceled and the scanners will be fully removed. The European Union has already banned all usage of x-ray body scanners in order to avoid any potential risk to EU travelersÃ¢â¬â¢ health and welfare. There have been claims from scientists over the years that testing criteria by the company, Rapiscan, had not been accurate from one machine to the next and that there was also leakage on several occasions. While not necessarily a concern to passenger so much, for TSA agents who monitor these machines over a length of time, the residue could add up although this was not addressed at any point. Some previous reports had shown clerical and mathematical errors in test results which, when redone, showed radiation levels at 10 times higher than what was previously expected.